Latvia is domestically referred to as Latvija and the kind of government it has is Republic.
The capital city of Latvia is Riga and boasts a population of 0.9 million.
The Latvian flag is is made up of three horizontal bands of maroon (top), white (half-width), and maroon; the flag is one of the older banners in the world; a medieval chronicle mentions a red standard with a white stripe being used by Latvian tribes in about 1280 and is displayed above.
The National symbol of Latvia is white wagtail (bird).
The National hymn of Latvia is ""Dievs, sv?t? Latviju!" ("God Bless Latvia")" which was composed by K?rlis Baumanis.